Tuesday, May 09, 2006

Robot As Artist

The latest artist robot from Leonel Moura - A New Kind of Art - is RAP, Robotic Action Painter.

From the web page:

RAP is a new generation of painting robots designed for Museum or long exhibition displays. It is completely autonomous and need very little assistance and maintenance.
RAP creates it's own paintings based on an artificial intelligence algorithm, it decides when the work is ready and signs in the right bottom corner with its distinctive signature.

The algorithm combines initial randomness, positive feedback and a positive/negative increment of 'color as pheromone' mechanism based on a grid of nine RGB sensors.
Also the 'sense of rightness' - to determine when the painting is ready - is achieved not by any linear method, time or sum, but through a kind of pattern recognition system.

via we make money not art: Robotic Action Painter

Other Painter Robots:
Students Create Robot Artists

LEGO Robot Artist Shares Studio


Anonymous Chris Csikszentmihalyi said...

A new kind of art? That's a bizarre claim, considering that robot drawings have been around since the 60's. Take, for example, Jean Tinguely, whose "Metamatics" [http://www.tinguely.ch/en/index.html] were 50's and 60's abstract expressionist robot contemporaries of their human competitors.

If you think robots have to be digital, check out Harold Cohen's work from the 70's [http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://virose.pt/vector/b_13/imagens/Image_0003.jpg&imgrefurl=http://virose.pt/vector/b_13/wright.html&h=488&w=550&sz=96&tbnid=i3lRnBzBoztmHM:&tbnh=115&tbnw=130&hl=en&start=12&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dharold%2Bcohen%26svnum%3D10%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D%26safe%3Doff%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DN]
Sure looks to me like a mobile robot drawing on a huge canvas. What makes the latest Maura project a "new kind of art"? Perhaps it's because the viewer is wearing high heels? Or maybe it's that the drawings are less interesting?

Countless "Robotics First" gradeschool projects feature mobile drawing robots with sensors and actuators... and the drawings look almost identical as the ones Maura shows. At least those programmers have the decency to be 11, so they can't be blaimed for claiming credit for work many, many others did first...

7:28 PM, May 11, 2006  
Blogger Prospector said...

From the web page with an article on "A new kind of art":

Although the robots are autonomous they depend on a symbiotic relationship with human partners Not only in terms of starting and ending the procedure, but also and more deeply in the fact that the final configuration of each painting is the result of a certain gestalt fired in the brain of the human viewer. Therefore what we can consider ‘art’ here, is the result of multiple agents, some human, some artificial, immerged in a chaotic process where no one is in control and whose output is impossible to determine.<
Hence, a ‘new kind of art’ represents the introduction of the complexity paradigm in the cultural and artistic realm.

7:53 AM, May 16, 2006  

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